Referencing Information

This section shows you how to properly reference the sources you use

2. How do I correctly reference my work?

2.2. The Vancouver Referencing Style

Vancouver is known as a numeric referencing style, and is used in biomedical, health and some science publications.

Whenever you refer to another person’s work, you need to insert a footnote number in either superscript or in brackets in your text. For example:

Dinosaurs had to be cold blooded or they would overheat given their large body size.1

Dinosaurs had to be cold blooded or they would overheat given their large body size. (1)

This would be inserted into your reference list/bibliography as:

Spotila JR. Sea turtles: a complete guide to their biology, behaviour and conservation. Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 2004.

Authors should be cited by surname, then initials with no comma between surname and initials.

Only the first word and any proper nouns are capitalised and the title is not underlined.

The reference list/bibliography should be produced in the order you cite the works in your text, not in alphabetical order.

The following are some examples of how different items are referenced:




Learn more about the Vancouver referencing style by using Cite Them Right Online:


You can find more books on referencing via Library Search.

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