Referencing Information

2. How do I correctly reference my work?

2.2. The Harvard Referencing Style

The Harvard referencing style is also known as the Author & Date system.

Whenever you quote another person's words or specifically refer to their work you must cite the author's surname and the year of publication. For example:

Macromolecules are the central molecules of all living organisms (Liljas, 2009)...

This would be inserted into your reference list/bibliography as:

Liljas, A. (2009). Textbook of structural biology. Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific.

The following are some examples of how different items are referenced:

Book

Surname, initial(s). (Publication year in brackets). Title of book - italicised or underlined, first word and proper nouns only capitalised. Series title and volume if applicable. Edition - if not the first. Place of publication: publisher.

Liljas, A. (2009). Textbook of structural biology. Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific.

Chapter from a multi-author book

Surname, initial(s) of the author of the chapter. (Publication year in brackets). Title of chapter in single quotation marks. in: surname, initial(s) of editor(s) of book followed by (ed.) or (eds.). Book title - italicised, first word and proper nouns only capitalised. Series title and volume if applicable. Edition - if not the first. Place of publication: publisher. Page reference.

Artman, S. (2011). 'Biological Information'. In: Sakar, S. and Plutynski, A. (eds.). A companion to the philosophy of biology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. pp.83-95.

 

Journal article

Surname(s), initial(s) of the author(s) of the article. (Publication year in brackets). Title of article. Title of journal - italicised or underlined. Volume number (part number/month in brackets), p. or pp. followed by the page number(s) of the article.

Myers, S., Malladi, C., Hyland, R., Bautista, T., Boadle, R., Robinson, P. and Nicholson, G. (2014). Mutations in the SPTLC1 Protein Cause Mitochondrial Structural Abnormalities and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Lymphoblasts. DNA and Cell Biology. 33(7), pp. 399-407.

Website

Surname, initial(s) of author of website, or website name if no author is available. (Year - in brackets). Title of website - italicised or underlined. Any numbers if necessary or available if website is part of a series. [online, in square brackets] Available from: URL. [Accessed: followed by date in square brackets].

BBC News, (2014). Dinosaurs' extinction 'bad luck'. [online] Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-28488044 [Accessed 29 July 2014].

Lecture on QMplus

Surname, initial(s) of lecturer. Year of publication (in round brackets). Title of lecture in single quotation marks. Module code: module title (italicised). Available at: URL of VLE. (Accessed: day/month/year).

Pennington, D. (2013). 'How do we eliminate pathogens that live inside cells?'. A100: Immunology. Available at: http://qmplus.qmul.ac.uk/mod/book/view.php?id=214845&chapterid=9445. (Accessed: 21/10/2014).

Live lecture

Surname, initial(s) of lecturer. Year (in round brackets). Title of lecture (italicised). [Lecture to ... and campus]. Place, day and month.

Michael, G. (2014) 'Histology - muscle and nerve'[Lecture to MBBS year 1, QMUL - SMD Barts]. London, 22 September.


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