Referencing Information

2. How do I correctly reference my work?

2.3. The APA Referencing Style

image of a lighthouse by the sea

The APA style, created by the American Psychological Association, is used by writers around the world for writing and publishing in the Social and Behavioural Sciences. APA is an author-date style similar to the Harvard style, but with its own characteristics in terms of formatting, spelling, construction of tables and graphs. It can also contain footnotes which allows authors to include additional information.

APA is a style used in academia  across various disciplines as well as in many scientific journals, and therefore it might appeal not only to students and researchers in the Psychological-Medical field, but also to students of Social Sciences/Politics.

Whenever you quote another person's words or specifically refer to their work you must cite the author's surname and the year of publication. For example:

There is huge variation as to how the concept of intelligence is defined (Gross, 2020) ... or Gross (2020) suggests that there is huge variation as to how the concept of intelligence is defined

This would be inserted into your reference list/bibliography as:

Gross, R. (2020). Psychology: the science of mind and behaviour (8th ed.). Hodder.

The following are some examples of how different items are referenced using the APA system:

Learn more about the APA referencing style by using Cite Them Right Online:

You can find more books on referencing via Library Search.

Cite them Right 

Need help or advice with anything on this page?  Contact the LLSE Team