Funder and Institutional Open Access Mandates

2. The Changing Landscape of Open Access Mandates

The open access mandate first made an appearance with the introduction of the University of Southampton, School of Electronics and Computer Science Open Access mandate in January 2003. 

There are two types of ‘mandate’: the full mandate that requires researchers to engage with open access and may be accompanied by penalties for failing to do so, and the milder ‘policy’ that, whilst still attempting to achieve the same end, tries to do it through encouragement and without the need for penalties.  At the same time, there are two ways in which researchers may find themselves subject to a mandate: as a condition of their funding organisation, or as a condition of their employment with an institution.  Continue to the next part to learn more about them.