Stellar timescales: dynamical, thermal, nuclear timescale.
Basic observational data: stellar distances, brightness, colour indices and surface temperature. Colour-magnitude diagrams. Black-body approximation.
The ideal-gas equation of state. Mean molecular weight. Specific heats and adiabatic change.
The equation of hydrostatic support. The virial theorem.
Nuclear energy generation. Hydrogen burning: pp chain and CNO cycle. Later reactions.
Energy transport by radiation: opacity, diffusion approximation, the equation of radiative transport. The main sequence.
Energy transport by convection: the instability condition. Numerical calculation of stellar structure, surface boundary conditions.
Evolution after the main sequence. Relativistic and quantum effects in the equation of state. Red giants, white dwarfs, supernova explosion, neutron stars, black holes.
Ordinary differential equations, vector calculus, elementary probability. Knowledge of Physics to at least A level standard is assumed.
C. J. Hansen and S. D. Kawaler, “Stellar Interiors: Physical Principles, Structure, and Evolution”, Springer-Verlag, 1994.
R. Kippenhahn and A. Weigert, “Stellar Structure and Evolution”, Springer-Verlag, 1991.
A. C. Phillips, “The Physics of Stars”, Wiley, 2007.
R. J. Tayler, “The Stars: their Structure and Evolution”, Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Lecture Notes- Toggle
Solutions to exercises- Toggle
VIDEO RECORDINGS 2015-6 (Q-REVIEW)- Toggle
Video recordings 2014-5 (Q-Review)- Toggle
Past exam papers- Toggle
Due to syllabus change in 2009, papers earlier than 2010 are not included in this depository.